Ying-Ying Chang [張盈盈] – Author | Mother of Iris Chang [張純如]
The Denial and Its Cost: Reflections on the Nanking Massacre
70 Years Ago and Beyond (2007)

The year of 2007 marks the 70th anniversary of the Rape of Nanking. The Nanking Massacre, as it is also known, was one of the most atrocious war crimes that Imperial Japan committed against China during its aggression in WWII. It was in 1997, on the 60th anniversary of the massacre, that Iris Chang published her book "The Rape of Nanking, the Forgotten Holocaust of WWII" which broke the silence and shocked the Western world with details of this horrific historical tragedy. Ten years after the book's publication, the Japanese government still did not make a formal apology to the victims of the Nanking Massacre. Japan continues to evade responsibility for its heinous war crimes committed in China and other Asian countries during WWII to this day. Worse yet, Japanese nationalist groups deny the Rape of Nanking ever occurred and claim it is a fabrication. In light of this and in commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the Rape of Nanking, an essay contest was held and the topic of the 2007 Iris Chang Memorial Essay Contest as "The Denial and Its Cost, Reflections on the Nanking Massacre 70 years ago and beyond" to raise the conscience of Japanese people as well as the world. The best and winning essays were compiled in this volume and published in 2008.
Iris Chang and the Forgotten Holocaust (2006)\

Iris Chang had an unfinished dream when her life was tragically cut short in November, 2004. That dream was to build an awareness of Asian history, particularly history of the World War II era, among the younger generation who had not experienced the war years in China and Asia, so that they may better understand the cruel lessons of history and hopefully will never have to see them repeated. She said to Robert Birnbaum in an interview in June 2003: ". . . it is important for me to write about issues that have universal significance. One of them that has resonated with me all my life has been the theme of injustice. Some people might dwell on love, other people on money or acquisition of great riches, but for some reason, I seem to be bothered whenever I see acts of injustice and assaults on other people's civil liberties." Iris was passionately dedicated to addressing the issues of social injustice and violation of human rights all over the globe. In memory of her, an essay contest was held in 2006 and the topic of the 2006 Iris Chang Memorial Essay Contest: "How has Iris Chang's book, The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of WWII, affected my life and thinking?" The top winning essays, a total of 39, were compiled in this volume and published in 2007.